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Functions

The field „Function” on the rating of the products refers to the usual function(s) of the ingredient as used in cosmetic products. An ingredient may have several functions. The listed functions are defined as follows:

Abrasives = Substances which are added to cosmetic products either to remove materials from various body surfaces or to aid mechanical tooth cleaning or to improve gloss.

Absorbents = Substances which are added to cosmetic products to take up water- and/or oil-soluble dissolved or finely dispersed Substances.

Additives = Substances which are added to cosmetic products, often in relatively small amounts, to impart or improve desirable properties or suppress (or minimize) undesirable properties.

Anticorrosives = Substances which are added to cosmetic products to avoid corrosion of the packaging.

Antidandruff agents = Substances which are added to hair care products to control dandruff.

Antifoaming agents = Substances which are added to cosmetic products either to suppress foam during manufacturing or to reduce the tendency of finished products to generate foam.

Antimicrobials = Substances which are added to cosmetic products to help reduce the activities of micro-organisms on the skin or body.

Antioxidants = Substances which are added to cosmetic products to inhibit reactions promoted by oxygen, thus avoiding oxidation and rancidity.

Antiperspirant agents = Substances which are added to cosmetic formulation to reduce perspiration.

Antistatic agents = Substances which are added to cosmetic products to reduce static electricity by neutralizing electrical charge on a surface.

Binders = Substances which are added to solid cosmetic mixtures to provide cohesion.

Biological additives = Substances derived from biological origin (mostly dead animal tissue) which are added to cosmetic products to achieve specific formulation features.

Bleaching agents = Substances which are added to cosmetic products with the intention of lightening the shade of hair or skin.

Botanicals = Substances which are derived from plants, mostly by physical means, added to cosmetic products to achieve specific formulation features.

Buffering agents = Substances which are added to cosmetic products to adjust or stabilize the pH thereof.

Chelating agents = Substances which are added to cosmetic products to react and to form complexes with metal ions which could affect stability and/or appearance of cosmetics.

Cosmetic colourants = Substances which are added to cosmetic products to colour the cosmetic product and/or to impart colour to the skin and/or its appendages. All colours listed are Substances of the positive list of colorants (Annex IV of the Cosmetic products Directive).

Denaturants = Substances which are mostly added to cosmetic products containing ethyl alcohol, in order to render them unpalatable.

Deodorant agents = Substances added to cosmetic products to reduce or mask unpleasant body odours.

Depilatory agents = Substances which are added to cosmetic products to remove unwanted body hair.

Emollients = Substances which are added to cosmetic products to soften and smoothen the skin.

Emulsifying agents = Substances which are added to cosmetic products and which are surface-active agents that promote the formation of intimate mixtures of immiscible liquids.

Emulsion stabilizers = Substances which are added to cosmetic products to help the process of emulsification and to improve formulation stability and shelf-life.

Film formers = Substances which are added to cosmetic products to produce, upon application, a continuous film on skin, hair or nails.

Hair dyes = Substances which are added to cosmetic products to colour hair.

Humectants = Substances which are added to cosmetic products to hold and retain moisture.

Opacifiers = Substances which are added to transparent or translucent cosmetic products to render them more impervious to visible light and nearby radiation.

Oral care agents = Substances which are added to cosmetic products for the care of the oral cavity.

Oxidising agents = Substances which are added to cosmetic products to change the chemical nature of another substance by adding oxygen.

Preservatives = Substances which are added to cosmetic products for the primary purpose of inhibiting the development of micro-organisms therein.

Propellants = gaseous Substances added to cosmetic products under pressure in pressure-resistant containers for expelling the contents of the containers when the pressure is released.

Reducing agents = Substances added to cosmetic products which change the chemical nature of another substance by adding hydrogen or removing oxygen.

Solvents = Substances which are added to cosmetic products to dissolve other components.

Surfactants = Substances which are added to cosmetic products to lower the surface tension as well as to aid the even distribution of the cosmetic product, when used.

U.V. absorbers = Substances which are added to cosmetic products specifically intended to filter certain UV rays in order to protect the skin or the products from certain harmful effects of these rays. In order to protect the skin from these effects, only the use of Substances listed in Annex VII of the Cosmetic products Directive is allowed.

Viscosity controlling agents = Substances which are added to cosmetic products to increase or decrease the viscosity of the finished product.

Method Sources